Marie Alžběta Salmová

* 1931  †︎ 2022

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If one somewhat sticks to the Ten Commandments, one will find their way

Countess Marie Alžběta Salmová, 1937
Countess Marie Alžběta Salmová, 1937
photo: Witness's archive

The countess Marie Alžběta Salm-Reifferscheidt-Raitz was born on August 17, 1931 at the chateau in Rájec nad Svitavou. She comes from the old aristocratic Salm family living in Moravia. Her family was severely persecuted during the Nazi occupation. Father Hugo Salm-Reifferscheidt lived under constant pressure to declare his German nationality. He tried to resist, but in the end, in order to protect his Czech employees and their families, he recognized his German nationality. On the basis of Beneš’s decrees, all his property was confiscated after the war, the whole family had to wear the “N” sign, received fewer ration tickets and censored mail. Marie Alžběta was not allowed to study, she worked as a clerk and later as a truck driver. In the 1950s, she emigrated with her husband Jiří Čubuk to Austria. Despite the hardships she has experienced in her homeland, she loves her homeland. However, she still disputes with the Czech Republic over the return of property and the good name of her father.