You should be glad it’s only three years!
Miroslav Matějka was born in 1932 to a farmer in Morašice. The roots of his peasant family go as far back as the 17th century. Being a catholic, a boy scout and a peasant son, Miroslav Matějka opposed the Communists as early as February 1948, when they usurped power in Czechoslovakia. As many other students of the grammar school in Litomyšl he participated in the boycott of the general strike of the trade unions. In 1949, when he was in the seventh grade in grammar school, he joined an opposition group founded by his friend Miloslav Kohout. The objective of this group was to conduct activities in opposition to the Union of the Czechoslovak Youth, a Communist sponsored organization that was putting a lot of pressure on the Boy Scout movement. Besides his activities in this group (the meetings of its members were called - in a conspiratorial fashion - ATA) Matějka was meeting two of his friends for discussions in one of the restaurants in Litomyšl. After the group had been accidentally exposed to the secret state police (the State Security Police - StB), a large-scale investigation was launched. The investigation by the StB gradually involved many bystanders, mostly friends of the members of the group. These people were mostly latent opponents of the regime, for example students who were involved in the distribution of anti-Communist fliers in 1949. In the course of the year 1950 the StB produced background documents for a large-scale show trial with the accused group members and others. The main culprits of this “monster process” were the rector of the Piarist faculty in Litomyšl and a professor of the Litomyšl grammar school František Ambrož Stříteský. Eighteen-year-old Miroslav Matějka was sentenced to three years of imprisonment, he was deprived of all of his possessions and he had to pay a fine in the amount of 10.000 Czechoslovak Crowns. Eventually, he only had to serve 20 months of his term in the juvenile penitentiary in Chrudim and Zámrsk. After he returned home from the penitentiary, his father was arrested for “disturbing the unified economic plan” - this simply meant that his father couldn’t deliver the overblown quantities of agricultural produce required by the farmer’s cooperative JZD.