Květuše Havlíčková

* 1931

  • "Well, it was the time I worked in the Litomyšl region. And I have to say that there was a big problem, because the pressure to set up cooperatives was very intense at that time, and the party's regional committees were ordering the cooperatives to set up and expand very quickly. And there I had some questions about how to get those people. Because on the one hand, I understood that agriculture had to get into big-scale production, just as the industry was transforming into big industry. But I did not want agriculture to be in the hands of a few people, and others had to work manually. So I welcomed cooperatives as an amazing solution to the large-scale agriculture, but the pressure for cooperatives to start fast so that farmers would quickly enter the cooperatives, so I often did not like it, because they first promised to the farmers, especially when they were a good farmer and there was a prospect that he might be a good leader of a section in the cooperative, so people talked to them, such as offering cars that had to wait for a long time, or even pressure was exerted that these people were forced either by great effort , or even when children were studying at school, so they might have been threatened to kick their children out of school. So, I did not like this fast-paced cooperative team. I think it should have been done slower and that it would have been better. But I am proud of the fact that even in the days of the cooperative society, which we founded in the district of Litomyšl, they are still working as agricultural cooperatives, whether it is a cooperative in Dolni Ujezd or in Morašice."

  • "I did not get publicly into any contradiction with the system and, as far as accusations are concerned, to be accused of being disqualified in some way, or punished, it is by no means the case. But of course I had some objections to certain matters. I spoke openly in public, and nothing never happened to me."

  • "Improve and correct? Probably the problem is to what extent I could do anything. Of course, the pollution has been a big issue and I partly worked in the field of creation and prospective creation of individual agricultural areas, and there I met this problem. So yes, but rather we made an effort to improve the current situation."

  • "Well, that's the problem, the ideology. Because the fact is that when I was studying at the Agricultural University in the 1950s, one of the subjects was Marxism-Leninism. Just as I did aspirantry at school, there again we had a test of Marxism-Leninism. So, of course, I met with this lesson, and I learned a lot and accepted it as my own opinion. But otherwise I have never gotten into a rift or contradictions."

  • "It's very hard to say, because it was hard to feel the lack of goods. The fact is, there was everything during the first republic. There was almost nothing in the war. The food was only distributed with sheets. There was a very small amount on the clothes, and there were bunks. So everything was limited. Everything from remade from old clothes. The food was obtained in all sorts of ways, in addition to those tickets, people would go to the villages, there was exchange of flour or poultry for towels and linens. It was such a confusion, but after the war everything was gradually improving, so I can only say that everything has been improving year after year and supply was better. I admit that it all went faster in the West, but it really improved from year to year, and I would say that supply in 1967 was already very satisfactory and quite amazing."

  • "Well, in any case, especially since I was working as a district zootechnician in Litomyšl until 1959, teams were making five-year plans, and then I would have criticized the planning that it was really too detailed and we made great efforts with the zoo technicians of individual cooperatives or state farms to compile those five-year plans and we had to help each other within the district. So in the same case yes. Then, within the framework of the Agricultural University, we understood the five-year period as certain periods, but the five-year plan as such did not exist for us."

  • And it was a situation that is hard to understand today, that when you arrived, perhaps to Prague, where I experienced everything, the Prague people had to go out of the city to get food. And when the train arrived at the train station, there was a lot of control, and when they found out that a Prager had something to bring home, all was confiscated without any mercy. So at that time there were such situations that it was certain which station just before Prague one needed to throw out everything brought from the village, just out the window, and someone had to stand at the rails. He had to take it, then the man peacefully finished travelling to Prague without carrying anything, and the one who picked it up also brought it to the end station of the tram, and then got it all home pretty well. So indeed, such cases happened, but not in the case of my family."

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    Cheb, 26.04.2018

    duration: 21:36
    media recorded in project The Stories of Our Neigbours
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In every situation in our lifes we can find something good and evil

KHS.jpg (historic)
Květuše Havlíčková
photo: archiv pamětnice, archiv projektu PNS

Květuše Havlíčková was born on October 24, 1931 in Prague. First she lived with her parents in Karlin in Královská třída, where she attended the elementary school for two years, but after the declaration of the Protectorate she moved to Vršovice. She joined the general girls’ school in Heroldovy sady, which she attended from 1939 to 1945. Due to total deployment, her father had to move to Trutnov, and Mrs. Havlíčková stayed in Prague in the dormitory after she started studying at the grammar school in Vinohrady. But since it was a Catholic school, it was closed after the coup in 1948. She went back from Gymnasium back to Vršovice in her graduation year. In 1950 she began to study at the Agricultural University in Prague. The very first day at the university she met her lifelong friend, Maria Jankova. She introduced her to Joska, her first date she had met at the school. In 1952 they had a wedding at the Old Town Hall in Prague. She later joined the military service in the third year. At this time, she also decided for the Faculty of zoo technics in Brno. At the end of her studies she was located in Litomyšl, where she worked at the Osík insemination station and her husband was an agronomist at the united agricultural cooperative. However, she moved her from Osík to the district committee, where she served as a county zoo. After several years she moved back to Prague, where she taught general zootechnics at the Agricultural University. She is now retired and lives in Cheb, where she moved to her son Paul.