We left Czechoslovakia twice, in the Czech school after the war I just copied by rote
Johann Löffelmann was born on 27 November 1939 in Nýrsko, at the time a largely German town. His sister was six years older and his mother was from Bratislava. He only knew his father from photographs, since he died as a Wehrmacht soldier on the Russian front in 1942. After the war they were not forcibly expelled, but decided to follow their relatives, joining one of the last transports in November 1946. They spent eight days at the Furth im Wald refugee camp, until their mother decided there was no point staying in such terrible conditions and returned with them to their empty flat in Nýrsko. They were able to get the furniture they needed and so continued to live in the post-war town among Czechs. His mother married a German antifascist. After the elections in May 1948 they made the final decision to leave completely. This time they crossed the temporarily unguarded border with a full truck of their belongings which were stored in Neukirchen, and then crossed over on foot themselves to the refugee camp in Furth im Wald. Johann trained to be a baker and settled in Munich. He remembers to attend meetings of witnesses, visits his town of birth and has a continued interest in his first homeland.