A prisoner’s childhood on the backdrop of Nazism, Socialism, and the Republic of Belarus
Rehina Laurovich (Russian transliteration: Regina Lavrovich), née Malakovich, was born on 20 February 1933 in Lyuban, Minsk Oblast, in the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic (her documents erroneously give her place of birth as the village of Asavyets). Her grandparents from her mother’s side, Yazep Martynovich and Yeudakiya Shpakouskaya, came from an impoverished aristocratic family. Her mother, Hanna Yosifauna Malakovich, née Shpakouskaya, trained and was employed as a cashier at a canteen in Lyuban. Her father, Alyaksandr Yemialyanavich Malakovich, was a school teacher in Lyuban and later served as headmaster of the school in Asavyets. He died on the front. From 1941, Rehina’s family lived in Nazi-occupied territory. When the village was destroyed by bombs, they spent a year in the forests. In 1944 they surrendered to the Germans, and Rehina was then incarcerated in Nazi labour camps in Belarus, Germany, and France. After the war she returned to school and graduated from the Belarusian Polytechnic Institute in Minsk. She was employed at Minsk Electrotechnical Facilities. She married the factory worker Laurovich; their marriage gave them two girls. She retired at the end of 1990 and became active in the educational sector. She established the public organisation Dolya (Fate, as in “Our Lot”) as an association for former prisoners. She cooperated with German partners to realise three projects devoted to the revival of historical memory, she sought out humanitarian aid and distributed it among former prisoners.