Marino Caviccioli

* 1927  †︎ 2019

  • "Towards the end of the war the Americans wanted to liberate Modena. But they wanted to bombard her first. The commanders called us together, they didn't want to allow the bombardment. They requested two or three days to attempt to liberate Modena. They gave us weapons, loaded us up into trucks and drove us to Modena. Modena was home to one of the largest military academies in Italy. The fighting lasted some three days, as the best Fascist marksmen were gathered there. We lost three or four boys in our detachment. The Germans pretended to surrender, they came out with their hands up, but they had revolvers hidden in their sleeves. As they came closer, they pulled them out and shot the boys. Immediately we turned the machine gun at them and shot them down. It was our duty. We liberated the military academy and handed it over to its generals who had returned from the mountains. I myself was there when one of the commanders came into the office and was surprised to find it smaller than he remembered. They had built a new wall inside it. He knocked on it, it sounded hollow, you could tell there was empty space behind it. On his order we demolished the wall. Behind it were people who had been walled in, people arrested by the Germans. We were proud to have saved Modena from bombardment."

  • "In the fifty-first year, me and some three four friends left for Czechoslovakia. But because of the new regime here, the agreements didn't apply any more, so we were pretty much illegal immigrants. For which reason we spent about sixteen days in custody in Znojmo. Until the Italian embassy in Prague confirmed that we aren't against the law in any way... We explained where we had our acquaintances, and so I ended up with them in the Křivoklát. That was my first place of work. I was a forester there that fifty-first year. I had a driving license and I drove a crawler tractor. I moved lumber from the forest. I was there a year and a half. But I wasn't used to the winter here, which was rather tough. So I requested a factory job, and they granted me that. I was a trained toolmaker, I started work at TOS Roztoky near Křivoklát."

  • "In 1943 I was sixteen years old. I studied a technical school in Crevalcore (Bologna district). Me and my friends joined the anti-Fascist resistance. The partisan groups around Bologna were active in San Giovanni and Crevalcore, around Modena it was Ravarino and Nonantola. We acted as intermediaries between the various groups. It helped them coordinate and avoid possible damages. I also repaired and delivered weapons to the groups. The Americans bombed the station in Crevalcore, there were German weapons in the wagons. With my brother-in-law we loaded up a cart with sub-machine guns and rifles. We handed them on to the groups that needed them the most. It was risky to carry weapons, but we managed. When there was no other way, we wrapped the weapon in reeds and tied it to the handlebars."

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    Vlastivědné muzeum ve Slaném, 27.05.2010

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The Germans pretended to surrender, they came out with their hands up, but they had revolvers hidden in their sleeves.

Marino Caviccioli when joining the partisans
Marino Caviccioli when joining the partisans
photo: z majetku pamětníka

Marino Caviccioli was born on the 15th of September 1927 in Italy - in Ravarino, Modena district. He had six siblings, his father was a barber and the family earned extra money by making bags and mats from reeds and bulrush. He studied at a technical school in Italy. As a sixteen-year-old he joined the anti-German partisan resistance as an intermediary. He took part in the fighting at Modena. Due to the lack of job opportunities, he emigrated from Italy to Czechoslovakia in 1951. With the help of friends from Italy he found a place in the woods around Křivoklát. He then took up a summer job abroad. After returning from that he got a job in a wheel factory at Cheb. He married and accepted Czechoslovak citizenship. His son’s health problems caused him to move to Slaný. As a trained toolmaker he worked at Poldi Kladno [a renowned steelworks - transl.].